Identification of cell surface markers and establishment of monolayer differentiation to retinal pigment epithelial cells

Plaza Reyes A., Petrus-Reurer S. Padrell Sánchez S., Kumar P., Douagi I, Bartuma H., Aronsson M., Westman S., Lardner E., André H Falk A., Nandrot E.F., Kvanta A., Lanner F.Nature Communications, 2020

Here, the authors have performed a comprehensive antibody screening and identify cell surface markers for RPE cells. They identified CD140b, CD56, GD2, and CD184 as central cell surface markers to evaluate hPSC-RPE differentiation efficiency, as well as a potential tool for the enrichment of hPSC-RPE during and after differentiation. They show that these markers can be used to isolate RPE cells during in vitro differentiation and to track, quantify and improve differentiation efficiency. Using these markers together with single-cell RNA-sequencing to evaluate the differentiation process, they have established an efficient, robust, direct and scalable xeno-free and defined monolayer differentiation protocol, where culture on supportive human recombinant Biolaminin 111 and 521 eliminates the need for manual selection, allowing large-scale production of pure hPSC-RPE.