L1CAM defines the regenerative origin of metastasis-initiating cells in colorectal cancer

Ganesh K., Basnet H., Kaygusuz Y., Laughney A.M., He L., Sharma R., O’Rourke K.P., Reuter V.P., Huang Y.-H., Turkekul M., Er E.E., Masilionis I., Manova-Todorova K., Weiser M.R., Saltz L.B., Garcia-Aguilar J., Koche R., Lowe S.W., Pe’er D., Shia J., Massagué J.Nature Cancer, 2020

The authors show that L1CAM+ cells in human colorectal cancer (CRC) have metastasis-initiating capacity, and they define their relationship to tissue regeneration. By using recombinant L1CAM extracellular domain and basement membrane components, they confirmed that L1CAM bound heterophilically to laminins known to be expressed in the intestinal and endothelial cell basement membranes in addition to exhibiting homophilic interaction with L1CAM itself. L1CAM knockdown inhibited the ability of CRC organoid-derived cells to bind to laminin-coated plates. Together, these data suggest that L1CAM enables the adhesion of metastasis-initiating cells to laminin-rich basement membranes, which is required for metastasis and organoid growth.

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